The olive tree has been an indispensable part of all civilizations founded in the Mediterranean at every era in history. South-eastern Anatolia is the homeland of olives but over time it spread throughout the world starting from the Mediterranean coasts then to Asia and America. Olive is not only an important food for human on earth, but has also been used as a health and beauty potion as well as a light source. It’s also been the foundation of trade for Mediterranean civilizations. It’s been said that the olive tree is the first tree to have grown on earth. In such a case, the history of olive cultivation dates back to the first human beings. Olive has also been written in the holy books and the founding myths.